Most forms of arthritis are not transmissible. Rarely, sexually transmitted diseases can also cause arthritis. In such cases, adequate treatment of the primary disease help reduce your risk of transmission. There is some genetic risk for various forms of arthritis. For example, osteoarthritis of the hand has a 40 to 65% genetic component. While rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis have lesser genetic risk. It is important to know that having a family history of arthritis does not always mean you will have the arthritis. Rather, there are other environmental triggers that could contribute to your risk of having arthritis.