Let's talk about nonsurgical treatments for bladder cancer. At least to make the diagnosis and to accurately stage a bladder cancer, an initial surgical procedure is usually required. But for cancers that are just on the surface, typically all that's required is periodic looks inside the bladder with a procedure called systoscopy in the office, combined with periodically putting medications to decrease the chance of regrowth. If a patient has a tumor that has invaded into the wall of the bladder, and does not want major surgery for bladder removal, there is an alternative. This is called a bladder preservation protocol. The goal is to preserve the bladder and allow the patient to avoid major surgery. In this approach, it's a combination of an aggressive scraping procedure, radiation to the bladder, and chemotherapy.
Send this to a friend