There is an almost endless array of implications for health and medicine stemming from genomics. To cite a few examples, we can better understand the likelihood of individuals to respond well to particular treatments. Several examples of this exist in cancer, such as cituximab in the treatment of colorectal cancer and other targeted therapies. Also, understanding the propensity of individuals to various conditions, such as heart disease and osteoporosis and fracture risk. Understanding the protective effects of some genes against specific infections or pathogens is another area, such as the CCR5 Delta 32 mutation that protects against HIV infection.
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