The current approach to an individual just discovered to have HIV is: 1. Counsel them about their disease. 2. To obtain another test called a genotype. This is a blood test where the virus is plucked out and we can determine what drugs this viruses susceptible to. And then: 3. As soon as possible, start effective antiretroviral therapy. And the current use of drugs employs three drugs (minimum) – two different classes of action of these drugs on the virus. This is highly effective with the so-called Integrase Inhibitors and Nucleoside drugs (two different classes of drugs.) You can rapidly bring the viral load in the blood in patients with HIV to undetectable levels and simultaneously, the CD4 cell counts (which are a measure of the immunity) begin to restore themselves.