In terms of ways to try to prevent the chance of having vision loss from macular degeneration, adjustable lifestyle changes would be things like refraining from smoking, exercise, and eating a lot of leafy green vegetables. For patients with early signs of macular degeneration, there are some vitamin preparations that have been shown to decrease the chance of vision loss. These special vitamins under the name of AREDs 2 include vitamin C, vitamin E, zinc, Lutein, and zeaxanthin. Patients who have been found to be at risk of macular degeneration may be given a special grid to look at at least weekly to identify any changes in their vision. Patients may notice a waviness to lines or maybe even missing spots when viewing that grid. The grids called an Amsler grid and you’re ophthalmologist will go over that with you.