Don’t be afraid of surgery. The right surgery for the right problem ends in good outcomes. For people with ruptured discs, a small incision at outpatient surgery that lasts about an hour, 95% of people are going to do well with that surgery. For people who are more elderly and have lumbar stenosis where the bone, has gotten very, very thick and squeeze the nerves, they may take longer to recover. But still at one year, 95% of people report happy outcomes and it is maintained over even a decade. After 10 years, 85% of people are still happy with their surgery. But do be careful. You do want to have the right surgery for the right problem.