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Interprofessional Multi-Tiered Lean Daily Rounding Management Model in a High Acuity Hospital

Interprofessional, multitiered daily rounding management in a high-acuity hospital | Emerald Insight


DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: This study explained the framework for lean daily management (LDM) implementation and changes in quality metrics associated with the interprofessional, multitiered LDM, implemented at Saint Francis Hospital and Medical Center. Concepts from lean, Total Quality Management (TQM) and high reliability science were applied to develop the four tiers and gemba rounding components of LDM. A two-tailed t -test analysis was utilized to determine statistical significance for serious safety events (SSEs) comparing the intervention period (January 2019-December 2019) to the baseline period (calendar years 2017 and 2018). Other quality and efficiency metrics were also tracked.


FINDINGS: LDM was associated with decreased SSEs in 2019 compared to 2017 and 2018 (p ≤0.01). There were no reportable central line-associated blood stream infection (CLABSI) or catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) for first full calendar quarter in the hospital’s history. Hospital-acquired pressure injuries were at 0.2 per 1,000 patient days, meeting the annual target of <0.5 per 1,000 patient days. Outcomes for falls with injury, hand hygiene and patient experience also trended toward target. These improvements occurred while also observing a lower observed to expected length of stay (O/E LOS), which is the organizational marker for hospital’s efficiency.


RESEARCH LIMITATIONS/IMPLICATIONS: LDM may contribute greatly to improve safety outcomes. This observational study was performed in an urban, high-acuity, low cost hospital which may not be representative of other hospitals.


ORIGINALITY/VALUE: While many hospital systems promote organizational rounding as a routine quality improvement process, this study shows that a dynamic, intense LDM model can dramatically improve safety within months. This was done in a challenging urban environment for a high-acuity population with limited resources.

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