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Risk Factors

Risk Factors

December 15, 2021
Ruchi Garg, MD
Ruchi Garg, MD

Gynecologic Oncology

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Cervical cancer risk factors include multiple partners. Meaning, the greater the number of sexual partners, the greater the risk of acquiring HPV. Early age of sexual activity increases the risk of HPV. Smoking is also associated with cervical cancers. Smoking allows HPV to hang out around the cervix longer and does lead to mutations or DNA changes that I just mentioned. Sexually transmitted infections, such as presence of chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, HIV, or AIDS increases the risk of having HPV as well. Immunocompromised state or weakened immune system is a risk factor. Such states could be due to chronic health conditions like HIV or long-term steroid use, such as by those who have had organ transplant. Use of birth control pills over five years has been associated with increased risk of HPV as well. Most of these risk factors are intertwined and are related to more frequent unprotected intercourse, and does increase chances of contracting HPV.